Unlike nuclear genetic defects, which can often be diagnosed with a simple blood test, the investigation of mitochondrial disease is far more complex, and molecular genetic studies play only one part in the multidisciplinary approach that should be used for these patients.
The membership of the Society is open to those who subscribe and agree to the aims and objectives of the Society and desire so by submitting a formal application on the prescribed form.
The Society for Mitochondria Research and Medicine, India (SMRM) is a nonprofit organization of scientists, clinicians and academicians. The purpose of SMRM is to foster research on basic science of mitochondria, mitochondrial pathogenesis, prevention, diagnosis and treatment through out India and abroad.
One sixth of humanity lives in India. India is rich in terms of cultural and genetic diversity, which has been maintained since time immemorial. Indian subcontinent has approximately 5000 anthropologically well-defined endogamous groups. With a very large population and high birth rate, and consanguineous marriage favoured in many communities, there is a high prevalence of genetic disorders in India. Mitochondrial disorders, unlike any other genetic disorders are inherited exclusively maternally and gains more importance in the Indian context. Each disorder produces a wide spectrum of dysfunction that can be extremely perplexing to the scientist and clinician. Current estimates place the incidence of mitochondrial disorder at about 1 in 2000 to 1 in 5000 live births in Western countries. Due to inadequate diagnostic tools, clinical management and rehabilitation facilities, the burden of the genetic disorders, in particular mitochondrial disorders is much greater in Indian subcontinent than in Western countries.
SMRM will act as a forum to bring together the patients with mitochondrial disorders who need the care, the clinicians who diagnose and treat mitochondrial disorders and the basic scientists who are working in the field of mitochondrial research and medicine.
SMRM was formally inaugurated during the historical Indo-US meeting on "Mitochondrial Research and Medicine" which was held for the first time in India at CCMB from 22nd January to 24th January 2007. This meeting was jointly organized by Dr. Keshav K. Singh and Dr. K Thangaraj.
Dr. Lalji Singh served as the Director of Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India. He has established the Center for the DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD) and Laboratory for the Conservation of Endangered Species (LaCONES) at Hyderabad. He was the 25th Vice Chancellor of the Banaras Hindu University, his alma mater. He was regarded as "Father of DNA fingerprinting in India" for his pioneering effort in developing DNA fingerprinting techniques for research and forensic applications. His pioneering research on mitochondria inheritance and human population migration is well acknowleged through the scientific community. He was also recipient of several prestigious awards including Padmashree award and JC Bose Fellowship.